Research

Academic Databases

Is Google Scholar a database or a search engine?

The academic community is not decided on this topic, calling Google Scholar sometimes a database and sometimes a search engine.

Bibliometrics

The ultimate how-to-guide on the h-index

A h-index is a rough summary measure of a researcher’s productivity and impact. Productivity is quantified by the number of papers, and impact by the number of citations the researchers' publications …

Learn how to calculate your h-index on Google Scholar

Google Scholar is a search engine with special focus on academic papers and patents. It's limited in its functionality compared to the major academic databases Scopus and Web of Science, but it is …

Learn how to calculate your h-index using Scopus

Scopus is an abstract and citation database that has stored and analysed millions of publications including journal articles, as well as conference proceedings and books. Scopus is a …

Learn how to calculate your h-index using Web of Science

Web of Science is a database that has compiled millions of articles and citations. This data can then be used to calculate all sorts of bibliographic metrics including a h-index. Unfortunately, Web …

Primary and Secondary Sources

Interviews: are they a primary source?

The answer to this is not straightforward, but in general, the answer is: yes. When you conducted the interview yourself and included it as supporting evidence in your research paper, then the …

Letters: primary or secondary sources?

Yes. However, sometimes you may not be given access to the actual letter, for example, if it is damaged, fragile or very old. In these cases, you will be given a facsimile or digital copy of the …

Newspaper articles: primary or secondary sources?

Yes. However, this is only true when discussing newspaper articles which are used for historical research. This is because newspaper articles, written about a specific event immediately after its …

Primary vs secondary sources: learn wow to distinguish them

Primary and secondary sources are the two types materials you will use while undertaking your research project. They are both important and needed for your project. The requirements for whether you …

What is a primary source?

Primary sources are original documents or artefacts. They were created at the time period you are studying. Primary sources are contemporary, created by someone who witnessed a historical event, …

What is a secondary source?

Secondary sources are sources which describe an event, but did not originate in the time period they describe. They were created by someone based on firsthand accounts. They are the second time the …